Similarly, the right… Thus, in this most basic sense, courts constitute an essential element of society’s machinery for keeping peace. Such a system might easily degenerate into anarchy. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! noun 1 (also court of law) A body of people presided over by a judge, judges, or magistrate, and acting as a tribunal in civil and criminal cases. An institution is legitimate when it is perceived as having the right or the authority to make decisions and when its decisions are viewed as worthy of respect or obedience. The District Court hears landlord/tenant cases, replevin actions, traffic violations, criminal cases classified as misdemeanors and certain felonies, and civil cases in the amount of $30,000 or less. A court is an institution that the government sets up to settle disputes through a legal process. New York State Unified Court System. Sometimes, the same action (such as assault) will be tried both in civil and criminal court. Court TV is back with live gavel-to-gavel coverage of America’s biggest and most important trials. If you send a request by fax, please call the Clerk’s Office to verify your request was received. What made you want to look up court? court noun (LAW) B2 [ C usually singular, U ] a place where trials and other legal cases happen, or the people present in such a place, especially the officials and those deciding if someone is … In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all people have an ability to bring their claims before a court. 1: a space arranged for playing a certain game tennis court basketball court 2 : an official meeting led by a judge for settling legal questions or the place where it is held 3 : a judge or the … Within a few years, seven of the Court's nine justices were FDR appointees. Founded as a mill town in the early 19th century, Laurel expanded local industry and … an area open to the sky and mostly or … noun the practice of changing the number or composition of judges on a court, making it more favorable to particular goals or ideologies, and typically involving an increase in the number of seats on the court: Court packing can tip the balance of the Supreme Court toward the right or left. Delivered to your inbox! After the court packing plan failed in Congress, Justice Willis Van Devanter – one of the "Four Horsemen" who led the Court's opposition to the New Deal – retired and was replaced by Hugo Black. The word court, which originally meant simply an enclosed place, also denotes the chamber, hall, building, or other place where judicial proceedings are held. Find out what is the most common shorthand of Court on! If courts become embroiled in ordinary political disputes and are seen as just another political actor trying to advance its ideology, interests, and preferences, then the legitimacy of the institution can be gravely damaged. James K. Bredar, Chief Judge | Felicia C. Cannon, Clerk of Court “Court.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Without force or monetary inducements, courts are weak institutions, because they are denied the most efficacious means of ensuring that their decisions are complied with and enforced. In some countries, unpopular rulings have resulted in riots (Bulgaria); court buildings have been attacked and burned (Pakistan); judges have been intimidated and removed from office (Zimbabwe), assassinated (Uganda), or reassigned to courts in the hinterland (Japan); courts have been stripped of their jurisdiction (United States); and, in the most extreme cases, judicial institutions have been suspended (United States) or abolished (Russia). “Closing and Distributing the Probate State." Justices have asserted that frequent reversals of existing precedents undermine the legitimacy of the judiciary. Professional judges in the civil-law tradition, Professional judges in the common-law tradition,, court of justice - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Judge's bench in a courtroom in Nevada, U.S. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. A royal court is an extended royal household in a monarchy, including all those who regularly attend on a monarch, or another central figure.Hence the word court may also be applied to the coterie of a senior member of the nobility.Royal courts may have their seat in a designated place, several specific places, or be a mobile, itinerant court. Civil Court Basics Civil court is a government institution that settles disputes between two or more entities, typically in the same courthouse that also tries criminal cases. United States District Court District of Maryland Hon. English Language Learners Definition of court (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for court in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Old French, enclosed space, royal entourage, court of justice, from Latin cohort-, cohors farmyard, armed force, retinue, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for court, Nglish: Translation of court for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of court for Arabic Speakers, Encyclopedia article about court. This article deals with the operations of the judicial branch of government. Learn More >> Juvenile and Family Services. Washington Supreme Court Justice G. Helen Whitener has been named Judge of the Year by the Western Region of the National Black Law Student Association (WRBLSA). The justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, for example, often make reference to legitimacy as one of the institution’s most precious (and perhaps most volatile) resources. Others have argued that some issues are simply too politically sensitive for courts to intervene in (e.g., the president’s war-making powers). Judicial legitimacy derives from the belief that judges are impartial and that their decisions are grounded in law, not ideology and politics. Send us feedback. Professor of Law, New York University, New York City, 1953–77. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. It explores some of the fundamental relationships of this branch with legislative and executive branches and analyzes the functions, structure and organization, and key personnel of courts, the judges. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and … Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Updates? Court -- Judge or body of judges whose task is to hear cases and administer justice. Often in sharp contrast to other political institutions (such as legislatures), courts are respected—indeed often revered—because their decisions are viewed as being principled rather than motivated by self-interest or partisanship. In a broader sense, the term may also refer to a legislative assembly; a deliberative body, such as the General Court of Massachusetts, which is … Plus, visit to watch Court TV live, catch up on recent trial coverage or access our On Demand library of classic trials, in their entirety. The court code is a numerical indicator that identifies the location where a court case is filed or should be filed. CITY COUNCIL Elected by Voters to 2-year terms (Nov.): Keith R. Sydnor, President (chosen by Council in Nov., 1-year term), Ward 2 Carl DeWalt, Ward 1 Michael R. Leszcz, Ward 1 Brencis Smith, Ward 2 Valerie M. A. Nicholas, At Large Terms expire 2021. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. However, such arguments ignore what is surely the most significant powers of courts—their institutional legitimacy. Welcome to the District Court of Maryland for Baltimore County located in Catonsville, MD on Rolling Cross Road.. Portions of the yard line, 13 yards (11.9 m) long,… Court, also called court of law, a person or body of persons having judicial authority to hear and resolve disputes in civil, criminal, ecclesiastical, or military cases. If there were no institution that was accepted by the citizens of a society as an impartial and authoritative judge of whether a person had committed a crime and, if so, what type of punishment should be meted out, vigilantes offended by the person’s conduct might well take the law into their own hands and proceed to punish the alleged miscreant according to their uncontrolled discretion. Some have argued that just this kind of damage was done when the U.S. Supreme Court intervened in the 2000 presidential election and, ultimately, determined the winner. 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1b, 1567, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a, Middle English, from Anglo-French curt, court, from Latin cohort-, cohors enclosure, group, retinue, cohort, from co- + -hort-, -hors (akin to hortus garden) — more at yard. People come to court to resolve their disagreements. A judicial tribunal established to administer justice. Court TV is back with live gavel-to-gavel coverage of America’s biggest and most important trials.