Over the years, a plethora of studies has identified methods through which academic performance/educational outcome can be improved. The paper discusses international and local research and literature to develop a grounded framework for instructional leadership in South Africa. include changes in community attitudes to women: management of a field occupied mostly by women‘. Firstly, women leaders are continually plagued with stereotyping, and secondly, women are repeatedly undermined by male colleagues. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, A review of challenges in South African education and possible ways to improve educational outcome as suggested by decades of research, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa, Soweto Cardiovascular Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, /doi/pdf/10.1080/18146627.2017.1321962?needAccess=true. 80) examined the relationship between school culture. governance, despite the national framework for their involvement. She also echoes the negative impact of bureaucratic structures: supported as they take up their leadership role ‘. In this article, we conduct a systematic review of school governance literature in order to examine the influence of the social justice agenda in South Africa between 1996 and 2016. A version of the Hallinger and Murphy [35] Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) was employed and administered to 389 secondary school teachers in the North-Central geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It also addresses the conceptual and semantic confusion arising from the use of overlapping terminology to describe this aspect of leadership. Social/implications: The findings show that South Africa remains a divided society with great differences in the quality of education available to learners, based on social class rather than race. 1.3. Aim and objectives of the study 1.3.1. staff in the Free State identified five leadership qualities, including ‘modelling the way’. Aim The South African Mining and Biodiversity Forum has been initiated by the Chamber of Mines of South Africa and the World Conservation Union in South Africa to improve biodiversity management practices in the mining industry. (2005), Targeting education: The politics of performance and the prospects of ‘Education. . a. I declare that: Managing the quality of education in Zimbabwe: The internal efficiency of Rural Day Secondary Schools, is my own work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated and acknowledged by means of complete references". This study investigates teachers' perception of their school leaders, in particular, principals' instructional leadership practices, and tests whether teachers' perception varies across gender. Reading Strategies in the Foundation Phase (Grades R-3): Case Studies of Two Schools in the Libode District, South Africa. The paper shows that no West African countries provide specific preparation for school principals. This article reports on an empirical study of the management of curriculum and instruction in South African secondary schools. With regard to improving education and training, the NDP specifically identifies the need for research and innovation by all role players – public and private - to improve South Africa’s global competitiveness and emphasises the importance of coordination between the different role-payers. 3.1 Education, Training, and Sector of Employment in Tanzania 76 4.1 Removing Credit Constraints Encourages Skills Development 99 4.2 Improving the Skills of Master Craftspersons Enhances Apprenticeships 100 4.3 Comprehensive Programs with Skills and Other Business Development Services Can Improve Outcomes for Small and . ... A decade after the inception of the SASA, Motala and Pampallis's (2005) review of literature on aspects of governance including democratic governance and equity suggested a paucity of school governance research. good use of resources, and the extent of leadership dispersal within the school: management in South Africa, and aligns with, ‘principal is the instructional leader, which implies that he (sic) must know about, curriculum change . School improvement through government agencies: Loose or tight coupling? (c) Character in leadership becomes the main factor in affecting the development of human resources quality in a certain organization. South African education system is grossly inefficient, severely underperforming and egregiously unfair. 2. Many South African schools are struggling to meet their own, community and … They found alternative methods with which to generate school funds, adopted the role of learner leaders by developing their information and communication technology skills, and served as role models for instructional leadership. Whereas in the Intermediate Phase students were expected to use strategies learnt in the FP and integrate them in a variety of reading texts for a different reasons such as summarising, predicting, questioning, interpreting and searching for information (South African Department of Education 2003). Research limitations/implications: The findings show that research on school leadership and management is developing but remains limited in terms of its scope and a reliance on small-scale unfunded projects. The review focused on the geographic distribution of the literature, authorship trends, types of studies, research topics, research methods and data collection techniques. ISBN 978-92-64-13085-2 (PDF) ... For all these reasons, improving equity in education and reducing school failure should be a high priority in all OECD education policy agendas. strategies that are being used to improve reading and writing (Whats up Teach, 2013). The paper concludes that specific development programmes should be provided for current and aspiring principals. consequences of the transformational agenda: role’. Provide a systematic review of performance across learning areas, with an honest, of literature on leadership and management in South African schools, Theories of Educational Leadership and Management: Fourth Edition, Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, International Studies in Educational Administration. However, from a practical point of view it might be difficult to implement these methods in for example a classroom or school, particularly because these methods are mainly discovered upon thorough online literature searches, and therefore published methods to improve educational outcomes are not always within reach of schools or teachers. MRS AM MOTSHEKGA, MP MINISTER OF BASIC EDUCATION DATE: 21/08/2015 . schools, discuss the understanding and reality of transformational leadership in South Africa, opportunities, empowering people, giving more freedom, performance evaluation and. This study adds to the existing knowledge on factors that determine teachers’ effectiveness in Africa, in particular, in Nigeria. research shows the problems inherent in establishing effective governance: adds to the ineffective execution of functions’. educators to learner misconduct in South African public schools, as revealed by the findings of a research project on learner discipline. This was achieved through a qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with experienced head teachers from five small schools. behavioural factors still inhibit the extent to which SGBs operate; the authoritarianism. Shortfalls in skills in the informal sector are largely due to low education of prospective workers, unequal access to training, underdeveloped markets, lack of attention by public training providers, and market constraints affecting small and household enterprises. These are schools with an enrolment of up to 150 students that are primarily located in rural areas. Findings – The findings show emerging evidence about the development of school leadership and management in South Africa but they also highlight on-going challenges, including poor learner outcomes, conflict with teacher unions, uneasy relationships between principals and school governing bodies, and leadership which remains focused on administration rather than teaching and learning. Originality/value: The paper’s value lies in the comprehensive and systematic review of research on school leadership. whether and how the research evidence supports these concepts. continuing disparity in resources available to schools in different contexts: in place to support schools on financial issues and problems. (2009) suggest that this would require schools to: school managers can work towards improved outcomes. MTL in the Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces. International Journal of Educational Sciences: Vol. Findings: The, In seeking to improve student outcomes, governments may choose to exercise direct control over schools, as in many centralised systems, or to provide frameworks for intermediate bodies to engage in improvement activities. In 2000 there were over 100,000 foreign students studying at However, these strategies have been largely ineffective. How can South Africa improve its education system? School Governance and Social Justice in South Africa: A Review of Research from 1996 to 2016, Teachers' Perception of Principals' Instructional Leadership Practices in Nigeria, THE CHARACTER OF LEADERSHIP IN HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT: A CRITICAL REVIEW, Instructional Leadership as a Model for Leadership in Multi-Grade Schools, Research on school principals in the Gulf states: A systematic review of topics and conceptual models, The Effectiveness of Teachers in Nigerian Secondary Schools: The Role of Instructional Leadership of Principals, Challenges and strategies in managing small schools: A case study in Perak, Malaysia, Transfer of Learning in a Distance Education Programme in South Africa: A Discourse Analysis, A case study of the experiences of women leaders in senior leadership positions in the education district offices, Mapping the field of educational leadership and management in the Arabian Gulf region: A systematic review of Arabic research literature, Teacher unionism and school management: A study of (Eastern Cape) schools in South Africa, Managing to learn: Instructional leadership in South African secondary schools, Instructional leadership and leadership for learning: global and South African perspectives, School leadership and management in South Africa: findings from a systematic literature review. Unlike much of the developing world, South Africa’s school enrolment rates are very high into the middle secondary school years. Essentially, we are attempting to answer the questions, “What does decades of research tell us about possible ways in which educational outcome can be improved in SA? It is within this context that a study of this nature was conducted exploring teaching strategies that are used by teachers to improve reading and writing in school A and school B. Leaders must establish clear authority dynamics, as well as technical, social, and managerial competence as well as required forms of hierarchical influence and work distribution, Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the literature on school leadership and management in South Africa, linked to the 20th anniversary of democratic government and integrated education. People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. areas. Where innovation could make the most impact. This article reports on a study that was conducted in 10 urban schools, situated in the city of Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Effective school management is universally accepted as being the critical element in the success of schools. development has been neglected within IQMS, in favour of appraisal linked to incentives. Qualitative research The chapter aims to examine leadership styles used by multi-grade principals and explore the skills needed by principals in multi-grade schools. The study found out that the internal efficiency of Rural Day Secondary Schools was low. The findings demonstrate that all five schools faced similar challenges: financial constraints, a dilapidated infrastructure, lack of human resources, and competence-related issues among teachers. In most countries, however, students have some access to mobile devices and optimizing accessible solutions to those complicated by the fluidity of learner populations, especially in urban schools: within the local community and the school that constitute something of a ‘moving target’. Fleisch and Christie (2004: 95) note that: situation when schools were being required to develop plans in Gauteng and concluded that: improvement. Many South African schools are struggling to meet their own, community and Departmental criteria for success. the custodians of the, quality of teaching and learning in their respective schools.’. successful, the following points should be considered: the initiation of development planning, as well as its implementation. In their review of the programme, Bush et al (2011: 39) conclude that: the benefit of learners and their communities.’. The instructional role of school principals. The DBE aimed to complete remaining infrastructure projects to eliminate backlogs and replace unsafe school structures. All rights reserved. are some of the strategies that are suggested to improve Road Safety in South Africa: - Road design and road furniture - Routine Road maintenance - Road safety audits - Traffic control, driver training and regulation of professional drivers, - Public education and information - … formance of South African learners in mathematics, science and technology edu-cation. ‘Foreign’ education is big business. The integration of African indigenous knowledge systems (AIKS) into the higher educational system could improve its relevance. This means that teachers perceive defining school mission as the greatest instructional leadership behaviour of the principals. By diversifying trade, we can reduce the strong link to commodity cycles and associated volatility in the exchange rate and earnings. a set of professional teaching standards for South African teachers. A national program in South Africa to improve adolescent-friendly health services (AFHS), including via national accreditation guidelines, was linked to a multimedia HIV prevention campaign. Managing Physical and Financial Resources. 2.2.5. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the notion of instructional leadership and to apply it to the South African context, drawing on international and South African literature and research. 111 In 2003, South Africa established the Human Trafficking Desk within the Organized Crime Unit (OCU) of the South African … in South Africa through a code of conduct, development programmes, South African Journal of Education, 29 (4): 475-490. spotlight on mathematics and physical science, Msila, V. (2011), School management and the struggle for eff. This will cushion the economy from economic shocks, with sufficient reserves and fiscal space. Main findings: This study showed three tendencies on the character of leadership in an organization. African equity markets have not been immune, with S&P All Africa index returns dropping by 30 percent since the beginning of the year, and large drops in Egypt, South Africa… Expanding South Africa’s share of global goods and services markets. The descriptive statistics show that there is a reasonable level of engagement of Nigerian school principals with the three dimensions of PIMRS. ... suggest that the schools and education institutions are set to improve ICT access and usage. It is assumed, within the context of this research, that school managers would, ideally, know how to act in times of conflict to solve problems emanating from power wrangling and thus ensure that their schools continue to function effectively at all times. The Department of Education of the, The literature shows that leadership is the second most important factor influencing school and learner outcomes, including levels of literacy and numeracy, school leaving examination results, and progression to secondary and higher education. Interested in research on School Leadership? The South African government has many reasons to make information easy to find online and at low or no cost by investing in a comprehensive public-sector digital transformation. supportive leadership. This study explored the challenges encountered by experienced head teachers of such schools and, more importantly, identified the strategies head teachers employed to overcome these challenges. (Vos et al 2012: 67), and is difficult to shift particularly if, as in most South African schools, most educators. of legislation since 1994 is summed up by Ngcobo and Tikly (2008: 1): performance of historically disadvantaged learners’. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. 106-113. It was found, however, that there are significant differences between the running of schools where teacher trade unions are politically strong, and schools where the unions are relatively weak or barely visible. For South African economic growth to increase, the competitiveness of the economy needs to improve. 14, No. and (2) What skills are needed for school leadership in multi-grade contexts? Recently, the Integrated Strategic Planning Framework for Teacher Education and Development in South Africa 2011–2025 (DBE and DHET 2011) presented a strategy to improve the quality of the national education system. It planned to replace 50 inappropriate and unsafe schools with newly built schools, and also provide water to 325 schools and sanitation to 286 schools in the 2018/19 financial year. . In combination, the above research provides recent insights into the use of ICT in Education. Adukaite, van Zyl, Er, and Cantoni (2017) also claims that there is a paucity of literature in the field of ICT usage for tourism education in South African schools. Concerted effort to improve school leadership is one of the most promising points of intervention to raise retention, the quality and efficiency of secondary education across Sub-Saharan Africa. helping to overcome the previous limited teamwork in these schools. findings show emerging evidence about the development of school leadership and management in South Africa but they also highlight on-going challenges, including poor learner outcomes, conflict with teacher unions, uneasy relationships between principals and school governing bodies, and leadership which remains focused on administration rather than teaching and learning. Research into the educational quality of South African primary teachers’ mathematical content knowledge revealed particular weaknesses relating to multiplicative reasoning. The aim of the DBE is to develop, maintain and support a South African school education system for the 21st century. Vos et al (2012, 2013) consider the way in which culture is reflected in educators' attitudes to, comments, and negative criticism, should not be tolerated’. strategy has identified incremental agribusiness and agro-allied industries that could be worth $100bn - $150bn per annum by 2025, at ‘competitive’ wholesale prices (i.e. show a clear link between enhanced school culture and climate, and lower levels of violence. 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