Collor was found guilty by the … In hopes of staving this off, Collor resigned on December 29, 1992 on the last day of the proceedings. Senator Amir Lando [pt] was chosen as the rapporteur of the Commission of Inquiry, chaired by Congressman Benito Gama [pt]. [10], During the Plano Collor, yearly inflation was at first reduced from 30,000 percent in 1990 (Collor's first year in government) to 400 percent in 1991, but then climbed back up to 1,020 percent in 1992 (when he left office). In August 2017, Collor was accused by the Brazil's Supreme Federal Court of receiving around US$9 million in bribes between 2010 and 2014 from Petrobras subsidiary BR Distributor. Toasts at the State Dinner for President Fernando Collor de Mello of Brazil June 18, 1991 President Bush. linktr.ee/FernandoCollor In 1978 he became president of his father’s media enterprises. These useful essays take his case to examine the relationship between corruption and political reform in Latin America's ongoing democratization. It ruled that, although the possible penalty of removal from office had been rendered moot, the determination of the former President's guilt or innocence was still relevant because a conviction on charges of impeachment would carry with it a disqualification from holding public office for eight years. In the month before Collor took power, hyperinflation was at 90 percent per month and climbing. Under the Constitution of Brazil, the impeachment process required two thirds of the Chamber of Deputies to vote to allow the charges of impeachment to be escalated to the Senate. Fernando Collor de Mello shaking hands, all smiles, poised by WH portico. References After his acquittal in the criminal trial, Collor again attempted to void the suspension of his political rights imposed by the Senate, without success, as the Supreme Court ruled that the judicial trial of the ordinary criminal charges and the political trial of the charges of impeachment were independent spheres. In 1989 Collor defeated Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in a controversial two-round presidential race with 35 million votes. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello é ex-presidente da República, ex-governador do Alagoas e senador. In 2014, Collor was re-elected to the Senate with 55% of the vote. However, after the inauguration of Franco, the Senate resumed sitting as a court of impeachment with the president of the Supreme Court presiding. A key piece of evidence, Paulo César Farias' personal computer, was ruled inadmissible as it had been obtained during an illegal police search conducted without a search warrant. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello was born on August 12, 1949, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. On September 30, 1992, the accusation was formally sent from the Chamber of Deputies to the Senate, and proceedings for impeachment began in the upper house. "It was a thirsty and gluttonous way of using power," said Renan Calheiros, a leader of the "bandits," the term he himself coined for the group that robbed the country along with Fer- nando Collor. After he resigned from the presidency, the impeachment trial on charges of corruptioncontinued. 'fõ.sʊ 'kɔ.lɔʁ di 'mɛ.lʊ], (born August 12, 1949) was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he was impeached. [14] Collor's administration privatized 15 different companies (including Acesita), and began the process of privatizing several others, such as Embraer, Telebrás and Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Río de Janeiro, Brasil; 12 de agosto de 1949) es un político brasileño.Fue el 32°. [20] However, Collor was found not guilty. The Senate also sent an official communication to the office of the vice-president to formally acquaint him of the suspension of the President, and to give him notice that he was now the acting president. [3] This helped boost his political career, with the help of television appearances in nationwide broadcasts (quite unusual for a governor from such a small state). He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. On August 11, 1992, thousands of students organized by the National Student Union (União Nacional dos Estudantes – UNE), protested on the street against Collor. In 2019 Collor left PTC and joined the Republican Party of the Social Order. Seu avô, Lindolfo Collor, foi um dos líderes da Revolução de 1930 e, após romper com Getúlio Vargas, participou da Revolução Constitucionalista de 1932.Já o pai de Fernando foi governador e senador por Alagoas, falecendo durante o exercício deste cargo. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, pron. The attorneys arguing for Collor's removal, however, argued that the trial should continue, to determine whether or not the defendant should face the constitutional penalty of suspension of political rights for eight years. A former journalist and media entrepreneur, Collor was the first popularly-elected president of Brazil since 1960, and, at age 40, that republic's youngest chief executive ever. The Chamber of Deputies set up a special committee on September 3, 1992 to study the impeachment petition. His candidacy was declared invalid by the electoral authorities, as his political rights were still suspended by the filing deadline. Hij was in ambt van 15 maart 1990 tot 29 december 1992 en was daarmee niet alleen de eerste president van het land na de terugkeer van de democratie, maar hij is ook de jongste president die het land ooit heeft gehad. 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